What is a business financing and how can a business be funded?

How to fund and finance your small business in Nigeria

What Is Business Financing and How Does It Work?

Business financing is a type of financing that allows entrepreneurs to get money to cover expenses such as temporary cash flow interruptions, expansion projects, inventory and equipment, and seasonal activity surges.

There are various types of business finance available, but others are preferable to others for certain objectives.

Finance is a crucial area of concern in addition to the other variables that impact your decision on where to locate your pharmacological facility. You need money as a businessman to either start a new firm or grow the functions of a current one.

Read Also: 4 fastest methods to fund your startup in Nigeria


Raising financing for your business can be a difficult task and a roadblock to its ultimate start-up and execution. When looking for funding, you must first determine how much money you require to begin or expand your firm.

Almost every firm requires income at some point throughout its existence, either to help it develop or to stay afloat during a difficult period. As a result, deciding how to fund a firm is not a simple or quick task. Indeed, a complete debate would require far more room than we currently have.

some business philosophers and their Definition of business finance.

“Business finance is to planning, controlling, coordinating and implementing financial activities of the business institution.” – E.W Walker

“An activity that satisfies the needs and desires regarding the community financial and arranged a company to engage in such tasks.” – Musselman and Jackson

“Business is an institution which produces goods and solutions demanded by people”. – Brown and Petrello.

“Business finance is concerned aided with the sources of funds available to enterprises of all sizes and the proper use of money or credit obtained from such sources.” – Professor Gloss and Baker.

What are the types of Business Financing?

When it comes to financing alternatives, many entrepreneurs choose traditional bank loans as their first alternative. For businessmen, this form of borrowing can be a slower and more difficult option. Credit checks, company plans/industry risk assessments, and collateral are all part of the application process. Furthermore, even if the company has good credit and provides security, authorization can take up to 30 days or more.

Loans from the Small Business Administration

Even though small enterprises are critical to the economy, they often have difficulties in obtaining bank loans. The Small Business Administration (SBA) works with lenders to partially guarantee small business loans to help them develop.

SBA loans come in a variety of forms, including 7 loans, which can be used for a variety of purposes, CDC/504 loans for expensive transactions such as real estate, and disaster loans.


It’s not like all business expenses necessitate a significant debt. Banks frequently reject enterprises requesting smaller loans since they are not requesting sufficient cash.

To address those issues, numerous lenders have begun to provide microloans, which have significantly smaller loan amounts and shorter repayment terms than typical bank loans.

Microloans can be a suitable alternative for new enterprises or those with poor credit scores, no credit history, or who have never obtained a loan from a bank.

Equity Financing 

Unlike traditional lenders, one method of obtaining funding for an existing business is to offer shares to investors.

This is referred to as equity financing, and it might come from an angel investor (a wealthy individual who assists in the funding of businesses) or an investment firm. When you choose equity financing, the people or companies who invest in your business become shareholders.

Read Also: 3 easy steps to validate your business ideas


Traditional bank loans

When it comes to financing alternatives, many business owners choose traditional bank loans as their first option. For business owners, this form of borrowing can be a slower and more difficult option. Credit checks, company plans/industry risk assessments, and collateral are all part of the application process. Furthermore, even if the company has good credit and provides security, authorization can take up to 30 days or more.

Equipment loans

All organizations and companies require special equipment, whether it’s desks and computers or specialized tools and machines. Although many forms of general business loans can be used to purchase equipment, certain loans are designed expressly for this purpose. Borrowers do not furnish any additional collateral because equipment loans can be secured by the equipment itself.

Loan for Working Capital

A working capital loan may be the ideal solution if your company requires loans that are flexible and have shorter durations. This form of financing enables firms to expand without having to worry about spreading their funds too thin. To be qualified for a working capital loan with Credibly, firms must have a credit score of 500 or higher, be in business for at least 6 months, and have an average monthly bank deposit of $15,000 or more.

Financing Inventory

Are you using a lot of goods in your warehouse or storeroom? Inventory financing is a financing solution that mainly provides money against your unsold inventory to help your company deal with short-term cash flow problems

The safest ways to fund and/or finance your business


Owner’s equity/fund/personal owner’s savings





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For most enterprises, this is the most desired source of capital. It comprises inheritance as well as personal savings earned or saved via prior endeavors.

The amount of money accessible to you is determined by your income, ability to save and consume, and taxation. This type of funding carries no risk for your firm and is usually interest-free.


This type of funding is only possible if you have continually earned a high profile in your sector. Customers that pay in advance for goods can help finance or partially finance your firm.

You can also urge customers to pay cash rather than providing them things with on credit. You can also raise funds by offering a cash discount to consumers who pay their bills on time.

Friends and family

This is the most prevalent source of funding. This is the money you get from your rich relatives or acquaintances. The benefit of this source of funds is that you can enlist the help of your relatives and friends without worrying about immediate returns.

Entrepreneurial Investor

Venture capitalists are a collection of affluent individuals, government-backed sources, or significant financial organizations that have a dedicated pool of capital and making accessible for the growth of profitable firms. They rarely fund new enterprises only if they can identify and quantify a large profit potential.

It’s a fantastic idea to get money from a venture capitalist because it’s money that doesn’t have to be repaid. Because the money invested by the venture capitalist constitutes equity, banks may be more ready to give loans to your company. It’s important to keep in mind that the venture capitalist may want ownership of your company.

Money Lenders

Persons or groups of persons (as opposed to banks and financial organizations) who provide modest personal loans at exorbitant interest rates. Before you borrow money from them, make sure you completely grasp the contract’s terms and conditions. Some money lenders provide tempting terms, but they are risky. Some agreements are written in such a way that if you do not follow the terms and conditions, you will lose your business.

Vendor credit/trade credit

Payment for raw materials or items supplied may be deferred to a later date if you negotiate an arrangement with your suppliers. This allows you to pay off your debt using the proceeds from the sale of the manufactured goods rather than borrowing money.

The efficacy and ease of access of trade credits are determined by your company’s track record as well as the supplier’s willingness to part with his goods for several weeks before you eventually pay. It’s important to keep in mind that vendors who agree to supply items on credit may not do so at the best possible price.


Grants are non-repayable monies awarded to a qualified recipient by the government or a private non-profit organization/foundation. Grants are highly competitive, but you can get one if your business will have a great social impact, benefiting not only you but the community at large.

Grants aren’t always in the form of cash; they might also be in the form of a fixed asset. For example, the land on which the industry will be built or the machinery that will be used.

Credit from a bank

Banks are the primary funding source for enterprises, with overdraft and term loans being one of the most common types of bank credit available to both new and existing enterprises. The drawback with this source of capital is that banks typically need security and charge a high in high-interest

Every businessman will need a bank loan at some time throughout his or her business career. It is normally preferable to use bank loans to purchase corporate assets rather than using them as a company’s operational cost.


In its most basic form, a partnership is a legal entity in which two or more individuals share the management, profits, and responsibilities of a business enterprise. You may opt to bring on a partner or partners on an ordetopital basis of a new enterprise.

A “Deed of Partnership” governs a partnership, laying forth how profit and loss should be shared, as well as each partner’s role in the business. General partnerships, in which the partners are personally liable for the firm’s liabilities, and limited partnerships, in which the partners’ persona are safeguarded from any financial claims made by the firm’s creditors, are the two types of partnerships.

Angel Investors

Angel investors are those who invest in startups. Persons with a bunch of cash who offer to fund business start-ups are known as angel investors, sometimes known as equity investors. They’re looking for companies that have a lot of room for expansion. You must give up ownership and management of your business to the angel investors.

The amount of money they invested in your company assesses the level to which they will want possession and management. You must be cautious not to be pushed away within yours. This generally occurs when the angel investor has enough funds to invest in your type of firm and has put in more money than you have.

If you want to depart the enterprise, you can still give the angel investor a larger stake in the company. Because you have the idea and the enthusiasm for the firm, some clever investors may prefer you to run it even though they own the bulk of the stock.

They could elect a chairman from among themselves, who is either the largest shareholder or someone with more expertise in the area of the firm they invested in, to assist you in running the company.


Monetary choices taken by a firm have an influential risk on its activities. Extra debt can help a firm become more profitable, but it also brings with it a higher amount of risk. According to several authors, the goal and definition of business finance is to strike a balance between risk and returns to a strong-term value of a company’s securities



Bilal Abdullahi is well-known as Bilal Cehub in the blogosphere. One of the fast rising professional bloggers in the West African Region. He is a Nigerian, the founder of Campus Entrepreneurs Hub ( an inbound online platform that helps individuals to maximize their full potentials to become successful entrepreneurs and bloggers. He is an SEO expert, and also holds certificates in 3 different courses (Affiliate Marketing, Digital Marketing and Graphics Design), also a content creator and Facebook Ads expert. Currently working with six trained and dedicated team members who share the same vision and likewise passion.

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